Detail Standards #005 - Rev: 00

TitleRock Climbing Level-1

This intermediated course designed to teach participants basic skills for safe climbing on single pitch rock routes. It will cover range of topics including: placing of rock protection, setting up anchors, top-roping, leading, abseiling and rescue techniques. Safe lead climbing on natural rock is a skill, which requires experience and confidence. Therefore, although participants will be taugh the necessary technical skill to lead climb, participants will need to spend time practicing these skills after the course in order to conduct themsleves safety.


Participant must have Sport Climbing Level-3


The particpants must demonstrate the following course requirement before they will be awarded the SEACS Rock Climbing Level-1 Certificate:

  1. Correct rope-handling, gear organization skills and climbing calls
  2. Practical understanding of the placement and removal of rock protection.
  3. Thorough practical knowledge of setting up anchors for range of circumtances
  4. An ability to climb on rock, employing a range of techniques.
  5. Safe execution of an abseil, including choosing a line, anchor set-up and rope retrieval.
  6. An understanding of the hazard invloved in rock climbing.
  7. An escape from rescue system.

NB: ALthough the course aims to teach people to lead, an ability to lead is not a requirement for certificate purposes.


  1. Introduction to the course and natural rock, including a discussion of hazard.
  2. Introduction to climbing equipment.Participant will already be familiar with the equipment required for wall climbing. This discussion will introduce equipment required for rock climbing:
  3. long slings, double and twin ropes, prussiks, rock protection (nuts, wires, camming devices, nut key)
  4. Rope handling and knot session: rope coiling and uncoiling, care of rope, knots (figure of 8 , bowline, tape knot, double fisherman, overhand, prussik knots, clove hitch, italian hitch, sheen bend, larks foot, tying -off belay system , mariners hitch).
  5. Session on placing protection. This will be a practical session with feedback. This disscussion will also in-situ protection ie bolts, ptions, slings.
  6. Session on anchors (theory and practical). Participants will be introduced to a range of anchore setting with tapes and ropes, techniques for belaying, top-roping and abseiling.
  7. Introduction to climbing on natural rock. This session will encompass a range of techniques and will progress from a bouldering session to a top-rope session. Participants will set their own achors for to-rop climbing.
  8. Second practical session on setting anchors.
  9. Introduction to abseiling. Anchors, rope retrieval, back up systems, hazard and choosing a site.
  10. Introduction to lead climbing - including belaying, climbing communication, choosing a line, racking equipment, placing and slinging runners, rope techniques, anchor position ing and equipment retrieval. Participants will initially pre-place runner protection on top-rope or abseil. All runner will be checked prior to lead climbing.
  11. Second lead climbing session.
  12. Rescue systems. This session will cover escaping a belay system, prussiking and improvised harnesses.
  13. Case studies
  14. Course review: general discussion and feedback, suggestion for future climbing.
  15. NB: climbing helmet must be used for all climbing and abseiling sessions on natural rocks.

Instructor/Trainee Ratio

  1. 1 instructor: 4 trainees or
  2. 1 instructor+1 trainee-instructor: 6 trainees

Instructor Qualification

SEACS Rock Climbing Instructor Cat 1 or 2.

Effective Date2007-01-01
Ref.Southeast Asia Climbing Standards